For those interested in reading something a bit different, even though this Forum is dedicated to Dumaguete and locality, I read a very interesting article today on BBC News, summarised from a research piece in The Lancet (rather heavy going that one!). The BBC News article in titled "Fertility rate: 'Jaw-dropping' global crash in children being born" By James Gallagher, Health and science correspondent. It can be found at https://www.bbc.com/news/health-53409521 A few points I found especially interesting were: * 23 nations - including Spain, Japan (Japan's population is projected to fall from a peak of 128 million in 2017 to less than 53 million by the end of the century) and Italy (Italy is expected to see a dramatic population crash from 61 million to 28 million over the same timeframe), Thailand, South Korea and Portugal - are expected to see their populations halve by 2100. * Researchers expect the number of people on the planet to peak at 9.7 billion around 2064, before falling down to 8.8 billion by the end of the century. * China, currently the most populous nation in the world, is expected to peak at 1.4 billion in four years time before nearly halving to 732 million by 2100. India will take its place (with about 1.2 billion) * This will be a truly global issue, with 183 out of 195 countries having a fertility rate below the replacement level * We will go from the period where it's a choice to open borders, or not, to competition for migrants, as there won't be enough. * In the opposite direction, the population of sub-Saharan Africa is expected to treble in size to more than three billion people by 2100. The study says Nigeria will become the world's second biggest country, with a population of 791 million. * Countries will also age dramatically, with as many people turning 80 as there are being born. I know that such figures are speculative and may well be altered by World events but nevertheless I find it interesting to see how populations might be changing over a relatively short period of 80 years (some of your children's/grandchildren's lifetimes). The major factor of who earns the money to cope with the huge numbers of elderly surely will be solved by robotics of one form or another.